Dower Right (配偶居住權)

December 19, 2012

Photo Credit: Flickr user @mihaibojin used under CC 2.0 license

當您想賣您的物業或將物業抵押,而您是產權上唯一的人,您需要在Transfer of Land(轉讓土地)或Mortgage documents(按揭文件)上聲明您的婚姻狀況。您只能申報以下兩種之一:

(1)單身,或

(2)您或您的配偶兩人在婚後從沒有住在物業裡。

如果您不屬於以上兩種之一,您便需要Spousal Consent(配偶的同意)。

亞省的Dower Act(配偶居住權利法)給予配偶在有生之年有權利在家裡居住。如果您想出售物業或將物業抵押,必須得到配偶voluntarily consent(自願同意)。

如果您與配偶已經separated(分居),但在法律上仍未正式離婚,無論您是分居了10個月還是10年,或您的配偶並不住在家裡,您還是需要Spousal Consent(配偶的同意)。

請隨時與我聯絡,我會說流利的英語、普通話和粵語,為您提供進一步專業法律服務

*** 注:本博客中所有內容僅供參考。請找律師提供專業及全面的法律意見。


Dower Right

December 19, 2012

Photo Credit: Flickr user @mihaibojin used under CC 2.0 license

When you are selling your home or financing your home and you are the only person on title, you need to declare your marital status on the Transfer of Land or on the mortgage document. You can only declare  one of the following:

(1) you are not married, or

(2) neither you nor your spouse has ever lived in the property within your marriage.

If you do not fall within either categories, a Spousal Consent is required.

The Dower Act in Alberta grants your spouse a life interest in the martial home which means your spouse has the right to live in the home during his or her lifetime. In order to sell or finance your material home, your spouse must voluntarily consent to the disposal or financing of the martial home.

If you are separated from your spouse but not legally divorced (it doesn’t matter whether you are separated for 10 months or 10 years, or your spouse doesn’t live in the home), a spousal consent is still required.

You may contact me for further legal advice.

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Note: All postings in this blog are for information only, please consult a lawyer for proper legal advice.


Transfer of Title Overview (過戶手續簡介)

November 17, 2012
Transfer of Title Overview (click to zoom in)

Transfer of Title Overview (click to zoom in)

以下是亞省住宅房地產買賣Title Transfer(過戶手續)的簡介。請放大打印一份上面的圖,對照以下的步驟及說明:

  1. 買賣雙方通常有自己的realtors(房地產中介/經紀)代表他們。
  2. 中介/經紀會為買賣雙方準備住宅房地產合同。
  3. 合同簽訂及conditions waived(條件滿足)之後,合同將交給買賣雙方的房地產律師處理。(a)買方要提供按揭文件,down payment(首付/首期),home insurance binder letter(房屋保險証明)(如果買獨立房屋)等資料給買方律師。(b)賣方要提供有Municipal Stamp of Compliance(市政府合規性契印)的Surveyor’s Real Property Report (測量師房地產報告)和/或Condominium management company information (公寓/城市屋管理公司的資料)給賣方律師去安排Estoppel Certificate(禁止反言證書)及Certificate of Insurance(保險證書)。
  4. 買賣雙方在各自的律師事務所簽署所有必須的文件。買方將首付/首期交到買方律師的信託戶口。
  5. 買方的律師提交Transfer of Land(轉讓土地)及Mortgage documents(按揭文件)到Alberta Land Titles Office(亞省土地註冊處)登記。
  6. 根據買方所選擇貸款公司的要求,交易會用Title Insurance(產權保險)或Western Conveyancing Protocol(西部省份房地產買賣協議)完成。
  7. Closing date(交收日),買方律師要在中午12時前向賣方律師交錢。收到錢後,賣方律師將通知賣方中介/經紀交出鑰匙。然後,買方中介/經紀便有鑰匙可以與買家檢查物業。然後,賣方律師便會將net sale proceeds(售賣款項淨額)交給賣方。

請隨時與我聯絡,我會說流利的英語、普通話和粵語,為您提供進一步專業法律服務

*** 注:本博客中所有內容僅供參考。請找律師提供專業及全面的法律意見。


Transfer of Title Overview

October 4, 2008
Transfer of Title Overview (click to zoom in)

Transfer of Title Overview (click to zoom in)

In this blog entry I will give you an overview of the process of Title Transfer in a Residential Real Estate Purchase and Sale Transaction in Alberta.

The steps in the following list corresponds to the above diagram. Feel free to print a large copy of the diagram to go along with the following explanations.

  1. Buyer and seller will usually have their own realtors representing them.
  2. A Residential Real Estate Purchase Contract will be prepared by the relators for the buyer and the seller.
  3. Once the contract is signed and all the conditions are waived, the real estate purchase contract will be given to the buyer’s and seller’s respective real estate lawyers. (a) Buyer will have to provide mortgage, down payment, home insurance binder letter (if buying a single family home) information to his/her lawyer. (b) Seller will have to provide Surveyor’s Real Property Report (with Municipal Stamp of Compliance) and/or condominium management company information for his/her lawyer to order an Estoppel Certificate & Certificate of Insurance.
  4. Buyer and seller to attend at their respective lawyers office for the signing of all necessary documents. Buyer to provide down payment to his/her lawyer in trust.
  5. Buyer’s lawyer to submit Transfer of Land and Mortgage documents at the Alberta Land Titles Office for registration.
  6. Depending on the mortgage company that the buyer has selected, the transaction can be closed by way of Title Insurance or Western Conveyancing Protocol.
  7. On Closing Date, buyer’s lawyer is to provide the money to the seller’s lawyer by 12 noon. Upon receipt of money, the seller’s lawyer will contact the seller’s realtor to authorize the release of keys. The buyer’s realtor will then have the keys to take the buyer for a walk through and inspection of the property. The seller’s lawyer can then release the net sale proceeds to the seller.

You may contact me for further legal advice.

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Note: All postings in this blog are for information only, please consult a lawyer for proper legal advice.


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